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Adfluvial: A migratory life history, where the fish makes use of a lake for growth then migrates to a stream to spawn.
Alevin: A life stage of salmonid, where the fish has yet to fully absorb its yolk sac.
Anadromous: A migratory life history in which the fish migrate to the marine environment, then return to freshwater to spawn.
Agonistic Behavior: Aggressive or threatening behavior typically directed at another fish, often used to settle territorial disputes
Anthropogenic: Human caused issues
Benthic: An organism that lives at or near the bottom of a water body
Caudal Fin: The tail fin of a fish
Caudal Peduncle: The narrow part of a fish just in front of the tail fin
ESA: Endangered Species Act
ESU: Evolutionary Significant Unit
Eutrophic: A very nutrient rich body of water. This term typically applies to lakes and is often associated with problematic algae blooms and oxygen depletion in the bottom waters
Fluvial: A migratory population that makes use of a river for growth, then migrates to a smaller stream to spawn
Fry: An early life stage of a fish soon after emerging from the gravel
Grilse: An Atlatnic salmon that returns after a single year at sea.
Guanine: A compound in the skin of salmonids that results in the silvery coloration common to the marine and lacustrine portions of the lifecycle of certain salmonids.
Hybrid: An offspring of two different species or subspecies of fish Kype: The hook like jaw developed by some sexually mature male salmonids
Iteroparous: A fish with the ability to spawn multiple times
Lacustrine: Lake dwelling
Lateral Line: A sensory system running along the side of a fish, is typically used to detect movement and objects in the water
Natal: Birth place
NOAA: National Oceanographic and Atmosphere Administration
Parr: A life stage in a sea-run salmonid prior to smolting and migrating to the marine environment
Semelparous: A fish that dies after a single spawning event
Smolt: A juvenile sea-run salmonid that has begun its migration downstream and to the sea. This stage is characterized by a lose of parr marks and transition to a more silvery coloration.
Redd: The nest or place were some salmonids lay their eggs.
AGFD. 2001. Heritage data management system, Apache trout. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, AZ.
ADFG. 2006. Southcentral Alaska wild Dolly Varden. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Anchorage, AK.
Al-Chokhachy, R. and Budy, P. 2007. Summer microhabitat use of fluvial bull trout in eastern Oregon streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27:1068–1081.
Alves, J.E., Patten, K.E., Brauch, D.E. and Jones, P.M. 2008. Range-wide status of Rio Grande cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki virginalis): 2008. Colorado Division of Wildlife, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service and Jicarilla Apache Nation.
Anderson, M. 2007. Migratory life history of redband trout in the Donner und Blitzen River. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Salem, OR.
Andrew, J.H. 1975. Habitat shifts and behavioural interactions between sympatric and experimentally allopatric cutthroat and Dolly Varden char. Master's Thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Armstrong, R.H. 1970. Age, food, and migration of Dolly Varden smolts in Southeastern Alaska. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 27(6): 991-1004.
Armstrong, R.H. 1974. Migration of anadromous Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma) in Southeastern Alaska. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 31(4): 435-444.
Armstrong, R.H. and S.T. Elliott. 1972. A study of Dolly Varden in Alaska. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Federal Aid in Fish Restoration, Annual Progress Report, 1971-1972, Project F-9-4-13:1-34.
Armstrong, R.H. and Hermans, M. 2000. Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma). Southeast Alaska Conservation Assessment - Chapter 8.8, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Juneau, AK.
Augerot, X., Foley, D.N., Steinback, C., Fuller, A., Fobes, N., Spencer, K. 2005. Atlas of Pacific Salmon: The First Map-Based Status Assessment of Salmon in the North Pacific. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Bartholomew, J.L. 1998. Host resistance to infection by the myxosporean parasite Ceratomyxa shasta: A review. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 10: 112-120.
Bartley, D.M. and Gall, G.A.E. 1991. Genetic identification of native cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) and introgressive hybridization with introduced rainbow trout(Oncorhynchus mykiss) in streams associated with the Alvord Basin, Oregon and Nevada. Copeia 3: 854-859.
Baxter, C.V. and Hauer, F.R. 2000. Geomorphology, hyporheic exchange, and selection of spawning habitat by bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57(7): 1470-1481.
BCMOF (British Columbia Columbia Ministry of Fisheries). 2012. B.C. fish facts: Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma). Retrieved from: http://www.gofishbc.com/documents/pdf/fish-facts/Dolly_Varden.pdf
Beacham, T.D. and Murray, C.B. 1990. Temperature, egg size, and development of embryos and alevins of five species of Pacific salmon: A comparative analysis. Transactions of the North American Fisheries Society 119: 927-945
Beacham, T.D. and Murray, C.B. 1993. Fecundity and egg size variation in North American Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus). Journal of Fisheries Biology 42: 485-508.
Beacham, T.D., Withler, R.E., Murray, C.B., and Barner, L.W. 1988. Variation in body size, morphology, egg size, and biochemical genetics of pink salmon in British Columbia. Transactions of the North American Fisheries Society 117(2): 109-126
Beauchamp, D.A. and Van Tassell, J.J. 1999. Modeling seasonal trophic interactions of adfluvial bull trout in Lake Billy Chinook, Oregon. Pelton Round Butte Hydroelectric Project, FERC No. 2030. Portland General Electric Company, Portland, OR.
Beamer, E. 2007. Juvenile salmon and nearshore fish use in shoreline and lagoon habitat associated with Ala Spit, 2007.Skagit River System Cooperative, LaConner, WA.
Behnke, R. J. 1992. Native trout of western North America. American Fisheries Society Monograph 6. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
Behnke, R. and McGuane, T. 2002. Trout and Salmon of North America. Chanticleer Press, New York.
Bellerud, B.L., Gunckel, S., Hemmingsen, A.R., Buchanan, D.V. and Howell, P.J. 1997. Bull trout life history, genetics, habitat needs, and limiting factors in Central and Northeast Oregon. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. Project Number 95-54
Benson, N.G. 1960. Factors influencing production of immature cutthroat in Arnica Creek, Yellowstone Park. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 89: 168-175.
Blackett, R.F. 1968. Spawning behavior, fecundity and early life history of anadromous Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma (Walbaum) in Southeastern Alaska. Alaska Department. of Fish and Game Research Report 6:1-85.
Blanchfield, P.J. and Ridgway, M.S. 1997. Reproductive timing and use of redd sites by lake-spawning brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 747-756.
Bowers, W., Smith, R., Messmer, R., Edwards, C., and Perkins, R. 1999. Conservation status of Oregon Basin Redband Trout, Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, Hines, OR.
Bozek, M.A. and Rahel, F.J. 1991. Assessing habitat requirements of young Colorado River cutthroat trout by use of macrohabitat and microhabitat analyses. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120: 571-581
Brenkman, S.J., Larson, G.L. and Gresswell, R.E. 2001. Spawning migration of lacustrine-adfluvial bull trout in a natural area. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130:981–987.
Brenkman, S.J. and Corbett, S.C. 2005. Extent of anadromy in bull trout and implications for conservation of a threatened species. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:1073–1081.
Brenkman, S.J., Corbett, S.C. and Volk, E.C. 2007. Use of otolith chemistry and radiotelemetry to determine age-specific migratory patterns of anadromous bull trout in the Hoh River, Washington. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:1–11
Bryant, M.D., Zymonas, N.D. and Wright, B.E. 2004. Salmonids on the fringe: abundance, species composition, and habitat use of salmonids in high-gradient headwater streams Southeast Alaska. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133(6): 1529-1538.
Caldwell, D.W. 2003. The isolation of landlocked salmon in Maine and Quebec near the end of the last ice age. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 35(6):607
Cantrell, C.J., Robinson, A.T. and Avenetti, L.D. 2005. Habitat selection by Apache trout in six East-Central Arizona streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134: 1382-1388.
Carmichael, G.J., Hanson, J.N., Schmidt, M.E. and Morizot, D.C. 2003. Introgression among Apache, cutthroat and rainbow trout in Arizona. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 122: 121-130.
CDFG. 2009. Paiute cutthroat trout restoration project Silver King Creek, Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, Alpine County, California. California Department of Fish and Game, Rancho Cordova, CA
Coleman, M.A. and Fausch, K.D. 2007. Cold summer temperature limits recruitment of age-0 cutthroat trout in high elevation Colorado streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136: 1231-1244.
Connecticut River Salmon Association (CRSA). 2011. Connecticut weekly diadromous fish report. Retrieved July 9th 2011, from: http://www.ctriversalmon.org/runs_2011/7-07-2011.pdf
Connolly, P.J. and Hall, J.D. 1999. Biomass of coastal cutthroat trout in unlogged and previously clear-cut basins in the central Coast Range of Oregon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128: 890-899.
Cordes, J.F., Israel, J.A. and May. B. 2004. Conservation of paiute cutthroat trout: the genetic legacy of population transplants in an endemic California salmonid. California Fish and Game 90(3): 101-118.
Cordes, J.F, Stephens, M.R., Blumberg, M.A., and May, B. 2006. Identifying introgressive hybridization in native populations of California golden trout based on molecular markers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135: 110-128.
CRS. 1998. 98-32:Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington D.C.
Curry, R.A., Van de Sande, J. and Whriskey Jr., F.G. 2006. Temporal and spatial habitats of anadromous brook charr in the Laval River and its estuary. Environmental Biology of Fish 76:361-370.
Dambacher, J.M., Jones, K.K. and Li, H.W. 2001. The distribution and abundance of Great Basin redband trout: an application of variable probability sampling in a 1999 status review. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Information Reports 2001-08, Portland.
Danie, D.S., Trial, J.G. and Stanley, J.G. 1984. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fish and invertebrates (North Atlantic) Atlantic salmon. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C.
De Rito, J.N. 2004. Assessment of reproductive isolation between Yellowstone cutthroat and rainbow trout in the Yellowstone River, Montana. Master's thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman.
Diana, J.S. and Lane, E.D. 1978. The movement and distribution of Paiute cutthroat trout, Salmo clarki seleniris, in Cottonwood Creek, California. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(3): 444-448.
Dickerson, B.R. and Vinyard, G.L. 1999. Effects of high chronic temperatures and diel temperature cycles on the survival and growth of Lahontan cutthroat trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128: 516-521
Dolloff, C.A. 1986. Effects of stream cleaning on juvenile coho salmon and Dolly Varden in Southeast Alaska. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115(5) 743-755.
Donald, D.B. and Alger, D.J. 1993. Geographic distribution, species displacement, and niche overlap for lake trout and bull trout in mountain lakes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71(2): 238–247.
Downs, C.C., Horan, D., Morgan-Harris, E. and Jakubowski, R. 2006. Spawning demographics and juvenile dispersal of an adfluvial bull trout population in Trestle Creek, Idaho. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26:190–200.
Drummond, R.A. and McKinney, T.D. 1965. Predicting the recruitment of cutthroat trout fry in Trappers Lake, Colorado. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 94: 389-393
Dunham, J.B. 1999. Stream temperature criteria for Oregon's Lahontan cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi. University of Nevada. Reno, NV.
Dunham, J.B., Rahn, M.E., Schroeter, R.E. and Breck, S.W. 2000. Diets of sympatric Lahontan cutthroat trout and nonnative brook trout: Implications for species interactions. Western North American Naturalist 60(3): 304-310.
DuPont, J.M., Brown, R.S. and Geist, D.R. 2007. Unique allacustrine migration patterns of a bull trout population in the Pend Oreille River drainage, Idaho. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27(4): 1268-1275.
Elliot, J.M. 1973. The food of brown and rainbow trout (Salmo trutta and S. gairdneri) in relation to the abundance of drifting invertebrates in a mountain stream. Oecologia 12: 329-347.
Elliott, S.T. 1986. Reduction of a Dolly Varden population and macrobenthos after removal of logging debris. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115(3): 392-400.
Elliot, J. and Layton, R.W. 2004. Lahontan cutthroat trout species management plan for the upper Humboldt River drainage basin. Nevada Department of Wildlife. Reno, NV.
Fairchild, W.L., Swansburg, E.O., Arsenault, J.T. and Brown, S.B. 1999. Does an association between pesticide use and subsequent declines in catch of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) represent a case of endocrine disruption? Environmental Health Perspectives 107(5):349-357.
Fish. M.A. 2004. Taxonomy, ecology and life history of bull trout, Salvelinus confluentus (Suckley). University of California, Davis, California.
Fleming, I.A. 1996. Reproductie strategies of Atlantic salmon: ecology and evolution. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6: 379-416.
Foerster, R.E. 1968. The sockeye salmon. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin. 162. Ottawa. 422 p.
Fraley, J.J. and Shepard, B.B. 1989. Life history, ecology and population status of migratory bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the Flathead Lake and River system, Montana. Northwest Science 63(4): 133-143.
Fraley, J. and Shepard, B.B. 2005. Age, growth and movements of westslope cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi, inhabiting the headwaters of a wilderness river. Northwest Science 79(1): 12-21.
Friedland K.D., Reddin, D.G. and Kocik, J.F. 1993. Marine survival of North American and European Atlantic salmon: effects of growth and environment. Journal of Marine Science 50: 481- 492.
Garrett, G.P. and Matlock, G.C. 1991. Rio Grande cutthroat trout in Texas. The Texas Journal of Science 43(4): 405-410.
Gibson R.J., Williams D. D., McGowam C. and Davidson W.S. 1996. The ecology of dwarf fluvial Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., cohabiting brook trout, Salvelius fontinalis (Mitchill), in southweastern Newfoundland, Canada. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 43(2): 145-166.
Gibson, J. and Haedrich, R. 2006. Life history tactics of Atlantic salmon in Newfoundland. Freshwater Forum 26: 38-45.
Goetz, F. A., E. Jeanes, and E. M. Beamer. 2004. Bull trout in the nearshore: preliminary draft report. U.S. Army Corp of Engineers, Seattle, Washington.
Gorman, O.T., Moore, S.A., Carlson A.J. and Quinlan, H.R. 2008. Nearshore habitat and fish community associations of coaster brook trout in Isle Royale, Lake Superior. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137(4): 1252-1267.
Gresswell, R.E. and Varley, J.D. 1988. Effects of a century of human influences on the cutthroat trout of Yellowstone Lake. American Fisheries Society Symposium 4: 45-52.
Gunckel, S.L., Hemmingsen, A.R. and Li, J.L. 2002. Effect of bull trout and brook trout interactions on foraging habitat, feeding behavior, and growth. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:1119–1130.
Gunkel, S.L. and Jacobs, S.E. 2005. Population assessment of Lahontan cutthroat trout. Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, Salem, OR.
Haner, P.V., Faler, J.C., Schrock, R.M., Rondorf, D.W., and Maule, A.G. 1995. Skin reflectance as a nonlethal measure of smoltification for juvenile salmonids. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 15: 814-822.
Harig, A.L., Fausch, K.D. and Young, M.K. 2000. Factors influencing success of greenback cutthroat translocations. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 20: 994-1004.
Harig, A.L. and Fausch, K.D. 2002. Minimum habitat requirements for reestablishing translocated cutthroat trout populations. Ecological Applications 12(2): 535-551.
Harper, D.D. and Farag, A.M. 2004. Winter habitat use by cutthroat trout in the Snake River near Jackson, Wyoming. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133: 15-25.
Hickman, T.J. and Behnke, R.J. 1979. Probable discovery of the original Pyramid Lake cutthroat trout. The Progressive Fish Culturist 41(3): 135-137.
Hilderbrand, R.H. and Kershner, J.L. 2004. Influence of habitat type on food supply, selectivity, and diet overlap of Bonneville cutthroat trout and nonnative brook trout in Beaver Creek, Idaho. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24: 33-40.
Hubert, W.A. and Joyce, M.P. 2005. Habitat associations of age-0 cutthroat trout in a spring stream improved for adult salmonids. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 20(2): 277-286.
Irvine, J. R. 1978. The Gerrard rainbow trout of Kootenay Lake, British Columbia; a discussion of their life history with management, research and enhancement recommendations. British Columbia Fish and Wildlife Branch. Fisheries Management Report, No. 72.
Jakober, M.J., McHanon, T.E., Thurow, R.F. and Clancy, C.G. 1998. Role of stream ice on fall and winter movements and habitat use by bull trout and cutthroat trout in Mountain headwater streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 127: 223-235.
Johnson, O.W., Waples, R.S., Wainwright, T.C., Neely, K.G., Waknitz, F.W. and Parker, L.T. 1994. Status Review for Oregon's Umpqua River Sea-Run Cutthroat Trout. NOAA Technical Memorandum, Seattle, WA.
Johnson, O.W., Ruckelshaus, M.H., Grant, W.S., Waknitz, F.W., Garrett, A.M., Bryant, G.J., Neely, K. and Hard, J.J. 1999. Status review of coastal cutthroat from Washington, Oregon and California. NOAA Technical Memorandum, Seattle, WA.
Johnstone, H.C. and Rahel, F.J. 2003. Assessing temperature tolerance of Bonneville cutthroat trout based on constant and cycling thermal regimes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 92-99.
Jones, K.K., Dambacher, J.M., Lovatt, B.G., Talabere, A.G. and Bowers, W. 1998. Status of Lahontan cutthroat trout in Coyote Lake Basin, Southeast Oregon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 18: 308-317.
Joyce, M.P. and Hubert, W.A. 2004. Spawning ecology of finespotted Snake River cutthroat trout in spring streams of the Salt River Valley, Wyoming. Western North American Naturalist 64(1): 78-85.
Kaeding, L.R., Boltz, G.D. and Carty, D.G. 1996. Lake trout discovered in Yellowstone Lake threaten native cutthroat trout. Fisheries 21(3): 16-20.
Kaeding, L.R. and Boltz, G.D. 2001. Spatial and temporal relations between fluvial and allacustrine Yellowstone cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki bouvieri, spawning the Yellowstone River, outlet stream of Yellowstone Lake. Environmental Biology of Fishes 61: 395-406.
Kershner, J.L. 1995. Conservation assessment for inland cutthroat trout: Bonneville cutthroat. Pages: 28-35. United States Forest Service. Fort Collins, CO.
Kershner, J.L., Horan, D.L. and Biscoff, C.M. 1997. Population, habitat, and genetic characteristics of Colorado River cutthroat trout in wilderness and nonwilderness stream sections in the Uinta Mountains of Utah and Wyoming. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17(4):1134-1143.
Kesner, W.D. and Barnhart, R.A. 1972. Characteristics of the fall-run steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri gairdneri) of the Klamath River system with emphasis on the half-pounder. California Fish and Game 58(3): 204-220.
Kiefling, J.W. 1978. Studies of the ecology of Snake River cutthroat trout. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Fisheries Technical Bulletin 3, Cheyenne, WY.
Knapp, R.A. and Matthews, K.R. 1996. Livestock grazing, golden trout and streams in the Golden Trout Wilderness, California: Impacts and management implications. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16: 805-820.
Knapp, R.A. and Vredenburg, V.T. 1996. Spawning by California golden trout: Characteristics of spawning fish, seasonal and daily timing, redd characteristics, and microhabitat preferences. Transactions of the North American Fisheries Society 125: 519-531.
Knapp, R.A., Vredenburg, V.T., and Matthews, K.R. 1998. Effects of stream channel morphology on golden trout spawning habitat and recruitment. Ecological Applications 8(4): 1104-1117.
Koel, T.M., Bigelow, P.E., Doepke, P.D., Ertel, B.D. and Mahony, D.L. 2005. Nonnative lake trout result in Yellowstone cutthroat decline and impacts to bears and anglers. Fisheries 30(11): 10-19.
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Kunkel, C. 1976. Biology and production of the Red-band Trout (Salmo sp.) in four southeastern Oregon streams. Masters of Science Thesis. Oregon State University. Corvallis, OR.
Lagler, K.F. and Wright, A.T. 1962. Predation of the Dolly Varden, Salvelinus malma, on young salmons, Oncorhynchus spp., in an estuary of Southeastern Alaska. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 91(1): 90-93.
LeBrasseur, R.J. 1966. Stomach contents of salmon and steelhead trout in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 23: 85-100.
Lee, R.M and Rinne, J.N. 1980. Critical thermal maxima of five trout species in the Southwestern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109: 632-635.
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Levy, D.A. and Northcote, T.G. 1982. Juvenile salmon residency in a marsh area of the Fraser River estuary. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 39 (2): 270-276.
Lichatowich, J. 1999. Salmon Without Rivers. Island Press, Washington D.C.
Loudenslager, E.J. and Kitchin, R.M. 1979. Genetic similarity of two forms of cutthroat trout, Salmo clarki, in Wyoming. Copeia 4: 673-678.
Manzer,J.I. 1968. Food of Pacific salmon and steelhead trout in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 25: 1085-1089
Marston, R.A., Mills, J.D., Wrazien, D.R., Bassett, B. and Splinter, D.K. 2005. Effects of Jackson Lake Dam on the Snake River and its floodplains, Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. Geomorphology 71: 79-98.
Matthews, K.R. 1996. Diel movement and habitat use of California golden trout in the Golden Trout Wilderness, California. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125: 78-86.
May, B.E., Urie, W., Shepard, B.B., Yundt, S., Corsi, C., McDonald, K., Snyder, B., Yekel, S. and Walker, K. 2003. Range-wide status of Yellowstone cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki bouvieri): 2001. YCT Multi-state Assessment
McCleave, J.D. and LaBar, G.W. 1972. Further ultrasonic tracking and tagging studies of homing cutthroat trout (Salmo clarki) in Yellowstone Lake. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 1: 44-54.
McGrath, C.C. and Lewis Jr., W.M. 2007. Competition and predation as mechanisms for displacement of greenback cutthroat by brook trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136: 1381-1392.
Mesick, C.F. 1988. Effects of food and cover on numbers of Apache and brown trout establishing residency in artificial stream channels. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 117: 421-431.
Metcalf, J.L., Pritchard, V.L., Silvestri, S.M., Jenkins, J.B., Wood, J.S., Cowley, D.E., Evans, R.P., Shiozawa, D.K. and Martin, A.P. 2007. Across the great divide: genetic forensics reveals misidentification of endangered cutthroat trout populations. Molecular Ecology 16: 4445-4454.
Meyer, K.A., Schill, D.J., Lamansky, J.A., Campbell, M.R. and Kozfkay, C.C. 2006. Status of Yellowstone cutthroat in Idaho. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135: 1329-1347.
Miller, R.R. 1972. Classification of the native trouts of Arizona with the description of a new species, Salmo apache. Copeia 1972(3): 401-422.
Mookerji, N., Weng, Z. and Mazumder, A. 2004. Food partitioning between coexisting Atlantic salmon and brook trout in the Sainte-Marguerite River ecosystem, Quebec. Journal of Fish Biology 64: 680–694.
Moore, T. 2006. Distribution and abundance of bull trout and redband trout in Leonard and Deming Creeks, July and August, 2005. Native Fish Investigation Project, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Corvallis.
Morninville, G.R. and Rasmussen, J.B. 2006. Marine feeding patterns of anadromous brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) inhabiting an estuarine river fjord. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 2011-2027.
Moyle, P.B., Israel, J.A. and Purdy, S.E. 2008. SOS: California's native fish crisis: Status of and solutions for restoring our vital salmon, steelhead and trout populations. California Trout, San Francisco, CA.
Mucha, J.M. and Mackereth, R.W. 2008. Habitat use and movement patterns of brook trout in Nipigon Bay, Lake Superior. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137(4): 1203-1212
Muir, W.D., Smith, S.G., Williams, J.G. and Hockersmith, E.E.. 2001. Survival estimates for migrant yearling chinook salmon and steelhead tagged with passive integrated transponders in the lower Snake and lower Columbia Rivers, 1993-1998. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 269-282.
Mulhfeld, C.C., Bennett, D.H., and Marotz, B. 2001. Summer Habitat Use by Columbia River Redband Trout in the Kootenai River Drainage, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 223-235.
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